Risk Of Corona Virus

Researchers have been racing to learn about the virus since it was recognized in December 2019 as a new strain. Medical journals have pointed toward animals in nature as the origin of the virus.

“2019-nCoV is 96% identical at the whole-genome level to a bat coronavirus,” a study published in the science journal Nature said.

Another study published in the Lancet found results based on samples collected from nine patients who had contracted the virus corroborated the theory that the virus had come from bats. Researchers concluded the genome sequences of the coronavirus “was closely related … to two bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-like coronaviruses.”

Although scientists say they believe bats were likely the original host, it’s also very possible, the study notes, that the virus was transferred from a bat to another animal that may have been at the seafood market in Wuhan.

What Are The Symptoms Of Corona Virus Disease

according to “Who” the World Health Organization The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.

How Does COVID-19 Spread

People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings.    

Covid-19 Will Devastate The Poor

The poor don’t realistically have backstops. They don,t have investments, or savings the majority does not have at least 10% of their yearly income put away. Their jobs were and are their safety nets, but thanks to an economic shutdown overseen by an out-of-touch and affluent political class that will not see an income decline as a consequence of its actions, the poor increasingly don’t have jobs. Worse is that with politicians intent on shutting the economy down, it’s unlikely that those most capable of creating new work opportunities through investment (yes, the rich) will do just that. Why invest in what’s not operating? And while consumption is a consequence of economic growth as opposed to a driver, millions of the poor “work” for businesses that meet the consumptive needs of individuals. Work is put quotes simply because millions fewer are working today.

COVID-19 continues to spread across the United States—infecting at least 1,000’s of people across the United Statesexperts are recommending that people avoid large crowds, stockpile shelf-stable foods in case they end up quarantined, and stay home from work and contact a doctor if they are ill.

But there’s a key problem with that advice: A lot of low-income people can’t afford to follow it.

Low-income jobs—line-cooks, nurse’s aids, grocery store clerks, nannies—mostly can’t be done remotely, and the majority of low-income jobs don’t offer paid sick days. Low-income people are disproportionately more likely to be uninsured or underinsured for medical care, and for many, even stocking up the pantry can be an impossible financial hurdle. According to a 2019 Federal Reserve study, 40% of Americans could not come up with $400 to cover an emergency. Lacking resources to prepare and protect against the COVID-19, many of these individuals face a higher risk of contracting—and subsequently spreading—the virus.

There’s a secondary effect, too. As states and community health departments scramble to address the COVID-19 outbreak in the U.S., they are shutting down schools, creating containment zones, and enforcing quarantines—moves that, again, often have outsized, if unintended, downstream effects on poorer people. Many low-income children rely on free and reduced school breakfasts and lunches for their daily nutrition, for example, and low-income parents can’t always afford child care when their school age kids are suddenly home all day. As schools across the nation float virtual learning in lieu of traditional classroom instruction, the millions of households that lack access to high speed internet might be out of luck.

The COVID-19 outbreak hasn’t caused these underlying problems, but it has highlighted the deficits within the U.S.’s fragile social safety net. If low-income Americans get and spread COVD-19 at a higher rate, it’s bad for everyone.

“There’s a confluence of issues that would keep individuals who are on the lower end of the income scale, or are unemployed and under insured, from being able to stem the tide” of the virus spreading, says Mavis Nimoh, the executive director of the Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights, a partnership between Rhode Island’s Miriam Hospital and Brown University’s medical school.

The outbreak of the respiratory virus began in China and was quickly spread around the world by air travelers, who ran high fevers. In the United States, it was first detected in Chicago, and 47 days later, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic. By then it was too late: 110 million Americans were expected to become ill, leading to 7.7 million hospitalized and 586,000 dead.

That scenario, code-named “Crimson Contagion” and imagining an influenza pandemic, was simulated by the Trump administration’s Department of Health and Human Services in a series of exercises that ran from last January to August.

The simulation’s sobering results — contained in a draft report dated October 2019 that has not previously been reported — drove home just how underfunded, underprepared and uncoordinated the federal government would be for a life-or-death battle with a virus for which no treatment existed.

The draft report, marked “not to be disclosed,” laid out in stark detail repeated cases of “confusion” in the exercise. Federal agencies jockeyed over who was in charge. State officials and hospitals struggled to figure out what kind of equipment was stockpiled or available. Cities and states went their own ways on school closings.

Many of the potentially deadly consequences of a failure to address the shortcomings are now playing out in all-too-real fashion across the country. And it was hardly the first warning for the nation’s leaders. Three times over the past four years the U.S. government, across two administrations, had grappled in depth with what a pandemic would look like, identifying likely shortcomings and in some cases recommending specific action.

In 2016, the Obama administration produced a comprehensive report on the lessons learned by the government from battling Ebola. In January 2017, outgoing Obama administration officials ran an extensive exercise on responding to a pandemic for incoming senior officials of the Trump administration. The full story of the Trump administration’s response to the coronavirus is still playing out. Government officials, health professionals, journalists and historians will spend years looking back on the muddled messages and missed opportunities of the past three months, as President Trump moved from dismissing the coronavirus as a few cases that would soon be “under control” to his revisionist announcement  that he had known all along that a pandemic was on the way.

The White House defended its record, saying it responded to the 2019 exercise with an executive order to improve the availability and quality of flu vaccines, and that it moved early this year to increase funding for the Department of Health and Human Services’ program that focuses on global pandemic threats.

“Any suggestion that President Trump did not take the threat of COVID-19 seriously is false,” said Judd Deere, a White House spokesman.

But officials have declined to say why the administration was so slow to roll out broad testing or to move faster, as the simulations all indicated it should, to urge social distancing and school closings.

Asked at his news briefing on Thursday about the government’s preparedness, Mr. Trump responded: “Nobody knew there would be a pandemic or epidemic of this proportion. Nobody has ever seen anything like this before.”

The work done over the past five years, however, demonstrates that the government had considerable knowledge about the risks of a pandemic and accurately predicted the very types of problems Mr. Trump is now scrambling belatedly to address.

Crimson Contagion, the exercise conducted last year in Washington and 12 states including New York and Illinois, showed that federal agencies under Mr. Trump continued the Obama-era effort to think ahead about a pandemic.

But the planning and thinking happened many layers down in the bureaucracy. The knowledge and sense of urgency about the peril appear never to have gotten sufficient attention at the highest level of the executive branch or from Congress, leaving the nation with funding shortfalls, equipment shortages and disorganization within and among various branches and levels of government.

The October 2019 report in particular documents that officials at the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services, and even at the White House’s National Security Council, were aware of the potential for a respiratory virus outbreak originating in China to spread quickly to the United States and overwhelm the nation.

“Nobody ever thought of numbers like this,’’ Mr. Trump said , at a news conference.

In fact, they had.

How To Prevent Catching Corona Virus

According to the World Health Organization

Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.

Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider

Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading

  • Follow the guidance outlined above.
  • Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

Together we can over come this crisis and though many of us will feel the pinch of economic shutdown we must remember there are families in dire need of supplies and food and we must do our part to come out of this strong together.

Donate to help families suffering from COVID- 19

With the widespread of Covid19 many Americans are left without work from social distancing rules put in place. many families are feeling the pressure and while the government has put in place a stimulus package it will not be enough.


10 Ways To Save On Thanksgiving Dinner

Inexpensive Thanksgiving Sides

I don’t think there is a better holiday than thanksgiving. being surrounded by good food and good people beyond a blessing to be thankful for. Thanksgiving has no gift-giving or costume-buying to worry about, and the much-loved food can be surprisingly affordable to make. Even hosts who spring for a whole turkey can make up for the expense elsewhere on the table. These budget-friendly Thanksgiving dishes are time-honored classics that feature inexpensive ingredients, and some can be used in delicious leftover recipes.

Homemade Mashed Potatoes

Who doesn’t like potatoes? it makes any holiday meal complete and not only are they cheap, they are also versatile. Mashed potatoes are easy to make, and these are so delicious they don’t even need gravy. but with this recipe comes a delicious gravy recipe that complements these buttery mashed potatoes. Topped with rich Turkey Gravy, this is one of the best mashed potatoes recipe a classic side dish just can’t be beat. Many people have childhood memories of learning how to make mashed potatoes for the Thanksgiving feast. Share the love this Thanksgiving and teach your children your new favorite way to make this comforting side. Once they know how to use a peeler and a hand-held electric mixer, they’re old enough to whip up a batch of easy mashed potatoes.

A much needed number one tip? Keep an eye on the consistency of the potatoes and be sure not to overwork the creamy mixture. If too much starch is released while the potatoes are whipped, they will become gummy and unappealing. Just keep the mixer on medium speed, watch the texture, and you should have a delicious bowl of your best mashed potatoes, in no time at all.


  • 3 pounds Yukon gold potatoes
  • 2 teaspoons salt, divided
  • 5 tablespoons butter
  • 5 tablespoons half-and-half
  • 1/2 cup (4 oz.) softened cream cheese
  • 3/4 teaspoon coarsely ground pepper

How to Make It

Step 1

Peel potatoes, and cut into 1-inch pieces. Bring cold water, potatoes, and 1 tsp. salt to a boil in a medium-size Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Reduce heat to medium-low. Cook potatoes for 15 to 20 minutes or until fork-tender and drain.Step 2

Bring potatoes back to Dutch oven. Cook in Dutch oven until water evaporates and potatoes look dry. Mound potatoes on 1 side; add butter, half-and-half, cream cheese, ground pepper, and remaining 1 tsp. salt to opposite side of Dutch oven. Cook 1 to 2 minutes or until butter is melted and mixture boils. Step 3

After removing from heat, beat at medium speed with a hand-held electric mixer 30 seconds to 1 minute or to desired degree of smoothness. Do not overbeat. Serve warm.

Active Time
25 Mins
Total Time
2 Hours 20 Mins
Serves 14 to 16

Southern Cornbread Dressing

The aroma will definitely give a warm welcome home feeling this recipe from southern living brings a affordable great tasting side dish of a fresh baked Southern Cornbread Dressing. In the South you can guarantee there will be dressing on the table (no stuffing down there!) and one of the most popular dressings is cornbread. they have developed a special Cornbread Crumble recipe specifically for this Southern Cornbread Dressing. a cheap thanksgiving dish that will gain many compliments.


  • 1/2 cup butter
  • 3 cups diced celery
  • 2 cups diced sweet onions
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped fresh sage
  • Cornbread Crumbles
  • 3 cups soft, fresh breadcrumbs
  • 4 large eggs, lightly beaten
  • 7 cups chicken broth
  • 1 tablespoon freshly ground pepper

How to Make It

Step 1

Preheat oven to 400°. Melt butter in a large skillet over medium-high heat; add celery and onions, and sauté 5 to 6 minutes or until onions are tender. Stir in sage, and sauté 1 minute.Step 2

Stir together Cornbread Crumbles and breadcrumbs in a large bowl. Stir in eggs, next 2 ingredients, and celery mixture, stirring until blended. Divide cornbread mixture between 1 lightly greased 13- x 9-inch baking dish and 1 lightly greased 8-inch square baking dish.Step 3

Bake at 400° for 45 to 55 minutes or until set and golden brown.


Green Bean Casserole

Another added favorite that is delicious, cheap, and easy to make. This is the perfect old-school green bean casserole for your thanksgiving holiday. The flavors are creamy and savory, and with a bit of crunch at the end with fried onion’s.  will make you wonder why this casserole isn’t served year-round. And you might just start whipping it up whenever you fancy! Even better, you can make this dish ahead of time. Prepare as instructed, but wait to add the toppings and bake it until you’re ready to serve.


6 Servings


  1. Preheat oven to 350°F. Mix soup, milk and pepper in a 1 1/2-quart baking dish. Stir in beans and 2/3 cup Crispy Fried Onions.
  2. Bake 30 minutes or until hot. Stir.
  3. Top with remaining 2/3 cup onions. Bake 5 minutes until onions are golden brown.
  4. Test Kitchen Tips:

    • For a kick of spice, double the black pepper in this recipe to 1/4 teaspoon and prepare as directed.

    • To feed a crowd, double the recipe and prepare in a 13×9-inch baking dish. Use an entire 6-ounce container of Crispy Fried Onions, reserving 1 1/3 cup for the topping. Increase cooking time to 40 minutes or until heated through.
Prep Time20 mins
Cook Time15 mins
Total Time35 mins

My Mom’s Deviled Eggs

They say nobody makes it better than your mom make’s it. lol I can truly say these are delicious and you can never make enough because they are almost always devoured until there is not anymore left. I will leave a estimate of the amount of ingredients but this recipe comes with a preference and my mom always taste until its right so I suggest mixing and tasting until it makes it where you like it. you can also make them look prettier by piping the filling into the eggs so.  I have never once saw my mom do that either.  She just spooned it into the white.  If you’ve got the time and energy and want to make them look special, you just go right ahead get fancy.  I’ll be over here spooning it into mine because I’m just ready to eat. 🙂 these are the perfect side for a cheap thanksgiving dinner quick to make and you can make dozens at a low cost.


  • 12 large eggs
  • 6 tablespoons mayonnaise
  • 3 teaspoons yellow mustard
  • 2 pinches of sugar
  • salt
  • pepper
  • paprika optional


  • For easy-to-peel eggs, steam them rather than boiling them. To do so, add about 1/2 inch of water to the bottom of a medium-sized saucepan with a tight-fitting lid. Add a steamer basket if you have one, but it’s not necessary. Over medium-high heat, bring the water to a boil. Turn the heat off. Carefully add the eggs to the basket or just to the bottom of the pan. Cover and return to a boil. Steam for 12 to 15 minutes. To check the doneness, you might add an extra egg and check it at 12 minutes to judge the cook time. Once cooked, place the eggs in an ice bath until they are completely cool.
  • Peel the eggs and slice them in half lengthwise. Carefully scoop out the yolk and place them in a small bowl. Use a fork to mash up the yolks. Add the mayo, mustard, sugar, Mix until smooth. Add salt and pepper to taste. Spoon the mixture equally back into the whites. chill for a hour garnish with paprika if you like

Macaroni And Cheese

Homemade macaroni and cheese is no more difficult or costly than the box variety. It takes just a package of dry pasta, 1.5 cups of milk, 2 cups of shredded cheese, 2 tablespoons of butter, block of velveeta, and 2 tablespoons of flour. After cooking the noodles as directed on the package (leave them al dente), melt the butter in a saucepan with the flour until the flour dissolves. Slowly add the milk and stir continuously on medium to low heat until the mixture thickens. Sprinkle in salt and pepper to taste, along with block velveeta cheese, and stir until melted. Combine the drained noodles and the milk mixture in a casserole dish and top with the remaining shredded cheese. Cover and bake at 350 degrees until hot and bubbly.

Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 45 minutes
Total Time 1 hour

Servings 6 servings


if you’re looking for southern or soul food style candied yams, this is the recipe that you want. Also, these yams are actually easier to make because there are less cooking steps! cost is cheap and many ingredients you may already have at home complimenting your thanksgiving dinner.


  • 5 medium sized yams
  • 8 tbsp salted butter
  • 1 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 tsp ground nutmeg
  • 1/4 tsp ground clove
  • 1/4 tsp ground ginger
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/4 cup brown sugar
  • 1 tbsp pure vanilla extract not imitation


  • Preheat the oven to 350 F.
  • Wash the yams.
  • Peel, then chop the yams ( make sure that they are about 1/2 inch thick.)
  • Place the yams into a 9×13 bake dish.
  • Place the butter into a medium sized pot, then melt it over medium heat.
  • Once the butter is melted, sprinkle in the white & brown sugar, ground cinnamon,ground nutmeg, ground ginger, and ground clove.
  • Turn the stove off, mix the ingredients, then add in the vanilla extract.
  • Pour the candied mixture over the yams, and try to coat all the yams with the candied mixture.
  • Next, cover the bake dish with foil, then bake the yams in the oven for 30 minutes.
  • Remove the yams from the oven, and baste them with the candied mixture.
  • Cover the yams, and bake them for another 15-20 minutes.
  • Remove the yams from the oven, and let them sit for about 10 minutes before serving.
  • Enjoy!
Prep Time
1 Hour 4 Mins
Total Time
3 Hours 4 Mins
Makes 10 to 12 servings

My Southern Collard Greens

I’m not bragging but I always get compliments on my greens and they are always almost none left over after the meal. I also like mine spicy so its hard to remember to tone it down. these greens are full of flavor, filling, and compliments the budget thanksgiving dinner. secret note* If you are making this for a special occasion, definitely make it the day before and just reheat it the next day. It tastes great the day you make it, but once it’s had a chance to soak up those flavorful juices. OMG delish!!!


  • 12 hickory-smoked bacon slices, finely chopped
  • 2 medium-size sweet onions, finely chopped
  • 3/4 pound smoked ham, chopped
  • 4 garlic cloves, finely chopped
  • 1(32-oz.) containers chicken broth
  • 8 cups of water
  • 3 (1-lb.) packages fresh collard greens, washed and trimmed
  • 2 tablespoon butter
  • 1/3 cup white vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 teaspoon of seasoning salt
  • 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 tablespoon of slap ya mama seasoning
  • 3/4 teaspoon pepper

How to Make It

Cook bacon in a 10-qt. stockpot over medium heat 10 to 12 minutes or until almost crisp. Add onion, and sauté 8 minutes; add ham and garlic, and sauté 1 minute. Stir in broth and remaining ingredients. Cook on low 2 hours or to desired degree of tenderness.

Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 15 minutes
Total Time: 20 minutes
 Servings: 12 muffins

Cornbread Muffins

These homemade Southern cornbread muffins are moist, fluffy, cheap and easy to make from scratch. This recipe yields a savory muffin with just enough sweet to complement the cornmeal! They’re best served fresh from the oven and are great as a Thanksgiving side dish! and better than that ready made stuff. No Thanksgiving spread is complete without a heaping basket of cornbread muffins!


  • 1 cup cornmeal
  • 1 cup flour
  • 1/3 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 4 tsp baking powder
  • 1 egg
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1/4 cup corn or vegetable oil


  • Preheat oven to 400 degrees.
  • Add cornmeal, flour, sugar, salt, and baking powder to a large bowl and whisk to break up any clumps.
  • Combine egg, milk, and oil in a medium bowl and whisk to combine.
  • Add wet ingredients to dry ingredients and stir until just combined. Do not overmix.
  • Pour batter into a greased muffin tin, filling each cup about halfway. Bake for 13-17 minutes or until toothpick stuck in the center comes out mostly clean. Don’t overbake!
  • Serve warm with butter and a drizzle of honey.
Level: Easy
Total: 3 hr 55 min
Prep: 20 min
Inactive: 3 hr
Cook: 35 min
Yield: 8 servings

Pecan Pie

My personal favorite I could eat a whole pie by myself lol. if I can bake it anyone can so this is a super easy recipe and well within a budget dish lets hope after those eggs and greens there is room for desert.



1 2/3 cups all-purpose flour, plus more for dusting

1/2 cup or 1 stick unsalted butter, chilled, coarsely chopped

Pinch salt

1 egg, chilled

1 tablespoon ice water, plus more if needed


1/3 cup maple syrup

1 egg

1 1/2 cups brown sugar

1/2 cup whipping cream

1 cup pecans

Serving suggestion: Ice cream of whipped cream, for serving


  1. Pastry: In a food processor, combine the flour, butter and a pinch of salt, and pulse until the mixture resembles big breadcrumbs. Whisk the egg and 1 tablespoon ice water in a bowl until combined. With food processor motor running, add the wet mixture to the flour mixture. Process until mixture begins to form large clumps, stopping the machine before the mixture forms a ball. If it needs a bit more water, add it. You want the dough to just barely hang together, and not be too wet. 
  2. Turn the pastry out onto a work surface, and knead very gently to bring the dough together. Form the dough into a disk shape, wrap in plastic wrap, and refrigerate for at least 1 hour. Two is even better. 
  3. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. 
  4. Using a light dusting of flour on your board and rolling pin, roll out the dough to the desired thickness. Lay the dough into the pie plate, and prick with a fork all over, trim and decorate the edge of the pie as you wish. 
  5. Filling: In a large bowl, combine the maple syrup, egg, sugar, and cream, and stir well to mix. Transfer the filling mixture to the pastry-lined pie dish. Top with the pecan nuts, and bake for about 35 minutes, or until set. Let cool before serving. 
  6. Serve the pie with vanilla ice cream or whipped cream.


This is the traditional holiday pumpkin pie. This classic recipe has been on LIBBY’S® Pumpkin labels since 1950. This pie is easy to prepare and even easier to enjoy. Just mix, pour, bake for a delicious homemade tradition. This is defiantly your go to for a budget thanksgiving dinner besides whats thanksgiving without the pumpkin pie?


  • 3/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1 can (15 oz.) LIBBY’S® 100% Pure Pumpkin
  • 1 can (12 fl. oz.) NESTLÉ® CARNATION® Evaporated Milk, (Or substitute with equal amount Lactose-Free or Almond Cooking Milk)
  • unbaked 9-inch (4-cup volume) deep-dish pie shell
  • Whipped cream (optional)


LIBBY'S® 100% Pure Pumpkin


NESTLÉ® CARNATION® Evaporated Milk



POUR into pie shell.

BAKE in preheated 425° F oven for 15 minutes. Reduce temperature to 350° F; bake for 40 to 50 minutes or until knife inserted near center comes out clean. Cool on wire rack for 2 hours. Serve immediately or refrigerate. Top with whipped cream before serving.

there you have it 10 recipes to make your thanksgiving special and a dinner that will help you save guaranteed to have one of these dishes to become someones favorite. there are a million things to be thankful for many will not understand how more fortunate they may be I could also give you a million reasons of how more fortunate we are. we may be looking for ways to save a buck but at least we are able to eat, we have our healthy we have clean air, and we have our family I want to wish each and everyone of you a happy thanksgiving and if you enjoy these recipes please share them and if I helped you save a pretty penny please take a look at your situation embrace it give thanks and bless some one else with a small donation below.

give thanks here.

Average Pay In The Philippines

More than 4 in 10 Filipinos who are poor actually have jobs. They continue to struggle with poverty because they are employed in poor-quality jobs that pay less than what their counterparts in manufacturing industries get.

But as a growth driver for the country’s economy, manufacturing lags behind the services sector, including wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, real estate, tourism, financial and insurance, health and social work, and public administration and defense.

Since less than 10 percent of the population has a per capita income above the global middle-income level, the [Philippines] is still a long way from achieving its goal of becoming a middle-class society,” says the PEU report released this week.

While more jobs may have been created during the recent period of sustained economic growth, mean wage rates have “remained stagnant and people are getting poor-quality and low-paying jobs” mainly in the agriculture and service sectors.

The manufacturing sector continues to account for the lowest share—18.1 percent—of the nation’s employed population as of January 2019. The services sector is the top employer with 55.9 percent of the nation’s workers while agriculture has 26 percent, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority.

Of particular concern to analysts at the World Bank is the high incidence of poverty even among households where the head of the family has a job. The poverty rate in these households hovers close to the national average of 21.6 percent, according to World Bank calculations.

The Philippine labor market suffers from a lack of quality jobs, which means “most of the poor are working poor”, as low-paying jobs of underemployment prevent them from graduating out of poverty, says the PEU.

Some households, the report cites as an example, earn as little as P50 to P100 a day, or close to $1.00 to $2.00 usd and many urban poor are “trapped in a low-wage and low-productivity jobs in the informal sector.

Metro Manila Minimum Wage Increase

MANILA, Philippines – The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) on November 5, 2018 confirmed the P25 across-the-board wage hike for minimum wage earners in Metro Manila.

New minimum wage rates for agricultural workers, firms in the manufacturing sector with at most 10 workers, and firms in the retail as well as service sectors with at most 15 workers will earn at least P500 ($10.00 usd) daily, from the previous P475.

Non-agricultural workers, meanwhile, will soon have a daily minimum wage of P537 from P512.

Under Wage Order No. 22, the P10 cost of living allowance (COLA) will also become part of the basic pay. Previously, the minimum basic pay ranged from P465 to P502, with an additional P10 COLA.

National Wages and Productivity Commission Executive Director Criselda Sy explained that the integration of COLA in the basic pay means bigger computations for overtime pay and 13th month pay.

The new wage order will be effective 15 days from publication in a newspaper. Sy said a copy of the order will be sent to their office on Monday afternoon.

The order was signed by DOLE, the Department of Trade and Industry, National Economic and Development Authority, and an employers’ group representative. Labor group representatives signed the order, but with reservations.

What Is Average Salary For Top Paying Jobs In The Philippines?

Based on average salary pay survey (2,378 individual salary profiles) average GROSS salary in Philippines is PHP 806,560. Average NET salary is PHP 627,333. The most frequent GROSS salary is PHP 331,599. The most frequent education is Bachelors Degree. The most frequent experience are 4-8 Years.

CareerAvg. gross salary(in USD)Profiles
Human Resources ManagerPHP 1,142,018US$ 24,164160
CPA – Certified Public AccountantPHP 781,689US$ 16,44178
Human ResourcePHP 480,093US$ 10,07967
IT ManagerPHP 1,470,798US$ 31,68848
EngineerPHP 433,228US$ 9,19846
Call CenterPHP 312,007US$ 6,84045
General ManagerPHP 2,099,246US$ 43,78541
ManagerPHP 1,307,629US$ 27,57741
AccountantPHP 387,015US$ 8,29140
Software DeveloperPHP 810,740US$ 17,24138
CityAvg. gross salary(in USD)Profiles
ManilaPHP 875,732US$ 18,7671,269
Quezon CityPHP 695,540US$ 14,937233
PasigPHP 1,007,247US$ 21,407158
Cebu CityPHP 717,953US$ 15,277147
TaguigPHP 947,908US$ 19,899137
Davao CityPHP 626,707US$ 13,31976
LioiloPHP 640,288US$ 13,29418
AntipoloPHP 528,629US$ 11,35518
Jeepney most common way of travel

Cost of living in The Philippines (average)

  • Jeepney ride – ₱10 (medium distance transport)
  • Cost of fuel per liter – ₱58 +
  • Tricycad – city transport – ₱6 +
  • Small bottle of water – ₱15-20
  • Average local meal with meat – ₱69

60 pesos (₱60) = USD$1.37 approx

A village girl or boy brought to a town to work as a house keeper can be paid as little as 0 to 50 pesos per day. They are given accommodation and meals (basic, rice our flour).

Official minimum wage in The Philippines is based on regions, and noted later on. also you have low income earnings, middle income earnings, and upper income earnings which will also give examples below.

Low income earnings: 

The average security guard man or woman earns ₱358 per day ($6.97)

The average housekeeper earns ₱370($7.21) per day

The Jollibee (fast food) starting salary is ₱500($9.74) per day

receptionist earns: ₱300 ($5.84) per day

(it should be noted that government regulation states benefits should be given to every permanent employee. So most employers only hire people for 5 months then release them. Supermarket chains and fast food restaurants in particular)

Middle Income Earnings

A starting bank teller earns ₱10,000 – p11,000 ($194.73 – $214.19) per month

A call center employee earns ₱15,500 ($301.79) per month

A office administrator earns ₱15,000 ($292.06) per month

A basic teacher earns ₱18,555($361.36) per month

Note: there are hidden extras in many middle-income salaries. Many will also be given a free sack of rice every month, a health care plan and transport. Depending on the job and circumstances.

Upper income

A doctor earns between ₱41,205 ($802.64) per month

A airline pilot earns ₱59,559 ($1,160.18) per month

How Much Does Government Official In The Philippines Make?

PositionSalary gradeMonthly salary
President33₱399,739 ($7,784.21)
Vice-President32₱353,470 ($6,883.20)
Senate President32₱353,470 ($6,883.20)
Senators31₱295,191 ($5,748.32)
Members of the House of Representatives31₱295,191 ($5,748.32)
Provincial Governor30₱196,206 ($3,820.42)
Provincial Vice-Governor28₱153,658 ($2,991.95)
City Mayor30₱196,206 ($3,820.42)
Vice Mayor (Manila, QC, and highly urbanized cities)28₱153,658 ($2,991.95)
Vice Mayor (component cities)26₱120,337 ($2,343.23)


The massive fringe benefits politicians get in The Philippines. Not forgetting the wealth of political dynasties, perks, expenses, shady business partnerships and corruption the countries politicians have been known for. They are among the richest earners, one way or another. there was a story I was told about a politician that came in to the waitress job she said “the politician came in as he does regularly and orders ₱10,000 ($194.76) steak dinners for him and his guest” which is probably more than a month of her pay but what was not something that happened regularly was the little girl that came to finish what was leftover on the plates. The scale is odd in itself not only from the larger gaps or the minimum pay but look at the class difference you have a security guard making less than a fast-food cashier, a teacher making only $70.00 more than that fast food employee. its no surprise as to why money can actually and does contribute to bribes and unethical situations I am guilty of this during my first trip I arrived at the airport and the line was extremely long a employee approached me and asked me which terminal after I told him he stated if I had $20.00 he could get me pass security I agreed and he put my luggage on a cart and escorted me with a nod to security took me to the front of the line and helped me obtain my boarding pass. not bad for two days worth of pay only breached security and could have potentially put others in harm.

Bonuses and other incentives

The highest officials of the land aren’t entitled to receive additional compensations like allowances.

They are however entitled by the constitution to charge their basic living expenses to the government. On top of that, they are entitled to a mid-year bonus which is equivalent to one (1) month basic salary as of May 15.

It will be granted to those who have rendered at least four (4) months of satisfactory service and are still in the service as of the same date, to be given not earlier than May 15 of every year.

The existing Year-End Bonus equivalent to one (1) month basic salary and Cash Gift at prescribed rates shall be given in November of every year.

Regional Minimum Wage Difference

As I wrote above the minimum wage is not a national minimum wage and differs by which is broken up by 16 regions. wages are also paid by day and not by hour.


NCR500.00 – 537.00
CAR300.00 – 320.00
REGION I273.00 – 340.00
REGION II320.00 – 360.00
REGION III284.00 – 400.00
REGION IV-A303.00 – 400.00
REGION IV-B294.00 – 320.00
REGION V310.00
REGION VI295.00 – 365.00
REGION VII313.00 – 386.00
REGION VIII285.00 – 315.00
REGION IX303.00 – 316.00
REGION X331.00 – 365.00
REGION XI381.00 – 396.00
REGION XII290.00 – 311.00
ARMM270.00 – 280.00

(source) Dept of labor and employment Philippines

Manila with a population of 13,698,889 people has 3.1 million of these people being homeless. the city has the highest homeless population of any in the world. In the Philippines, more than 1.2 million children are homeless and over half of these are found in Manila. There are an estimated 6,000 slum- dwellers from 800 families living in cemetery slums in Manila North. Within these slums, frequent, violent anti-drug raids by the Philippine National Police which have killed more than 12,000 people since June 2016. the killings are linked to a war on drugs that President Rodrigo Duterte strictly enforces. Slums are scattered over 526 communities in all municipalities of Metro Manila the facts stated about poverty in Manila illustrate the extremes the people of this city live under, but this does not illustrate facts of there not being a opportunity for change. this is where we come in supporters and Project Payatas we can work in the Philippines to help the urban citizens in poverty and improve their quality of life. I wrote this to bring understanding of how critical this situation is and to answer the questions I get ” why don’t they work?”, “why do the people not provide for the children”? well as you can see many do work unfortunately just enough to have enough strength to work and make other peoples lives easier including our own. could you imagine living on just 5-10 dollars a day? many companies in the US take advantage of the minimum daily wages in the Philippines as capitol gain so does the number of children suffering.

utility and necessity cost

Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant200.00 ₱150.00-350.00
Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course1,000.00 ₱700.00-1,200.00
McMeal at McDonalds (or Equivalent Combo Meal)150.00 ₱100.00-200.00
Domestic Beer (1 pint draught)65.00 ₱50.00-100.00
Imported Beer (12 oz small bottle)100.00 ₱70.00-150.00
Cappuccino (regular)129.52 ₱100.00-150.00
Coke/Pepsi (12 oz small bottle)34.30 ₱25.00-50.00
Water (12 oz small bottle)18.86 ₱15.00-50.00
Milk (regular), (1 gallon)302.09 ₱264.98-367.19
Loaf of Fresh White Bread (1 lb)50.60 ₱45.36-58.97
Rice (white), (1 lb)22.78 ₱18.14-30.39
Eggs (regular) (12)80.94 ₱60.00-100.00
Local Cheese (1 lb)116.47 ₱51.30-272.16
Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless), (1 lb)81.84 ₱63.50-106.59
Beef Round (1 lb) (or Equivalent Back Leg Red Meat)137.17 ₱104.33-204.12
Apples (1 lb)65.78 ₱40.82-90.72
Banana (1 lb)31.15 ₱18.60-45.36
Oranges (1 lb)60.33 ₱27.22-90.72
Tomato (1 lb)32.96 ₱22.68-45.36
Potato (1 lb)40.82 ₱27.22-45.36
Onion (1 lb)41.05 ₱27.22-60.33
Lettuce (1 head)70.00 ₱30.00-120.00
Water (1.5 liter bottle)38.55 ₱25.00-50.00
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)400.00 ₱250.00-500.00
Domestic Beer (0.5 liter bottle)47.80 ₱40.00-63.00
Imported Beer (12 oz small bottle)80.50 ₱65.00-100.00
Cigarettes 20 Pack (Marlboro)97.50 ₱60.00-110.00
One-way Ticket (Local Transport)20.00 ₱10.00-30.00
Monthly Pass (Regular Price)600.00 ₱450.00-1,000.00
Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)40.00 ₱40.00-40.00
Taxi 1 mile (Normal Tariff)21.73 ₱12.87-25.75
Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)120.00 ₱120.00-150.00
Gasoline (1 gallon)201.67 ₱170.34-222.58
Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)936,900.00 ₱898,000.00-1,500,000.00
Toyota Corolla 1.6l 97kW Comfort (Or Equivalent New Car)956,248.18 ₱750,000.00-1,100,000.00
Utilities (Monthly)
Basic (Electricity, Heating, Cooling, Water, Garbage) for 915 sq ft Apartment6,929.55 ₱4,000.00-10,000.00
1 min. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local (No Discounts or Plans)7.65 ₱6.00-10.00
Internet (60 Mbps or More, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)2,807.22 ₱1,500.00-4,000.00
Sports And Leisure
Fitness Club, Monthly Fee for 1 Adult2,557.27 ₱1,500.00-3,500.00
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)320.00 ₱150.00-500.00
Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat300.00 ₱230.00-350.00
Preschool (or Kindergarten), Full Day, Private, Monthly for 1 Child9,502.04 ₱5,000.00-20,000.00
International Primary School, Yearly for 1 Child357,399.49 ₱200,000.00-1,000,000.00
Clothing And Shoes
1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)2,499.95 ₱1,538.93-3,500.00
1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, …)1,512.46 ₱1,000.00-2,500.00
1 Pair of Nike Running Shoes (Mid-Range)4,175.95 ₱3,000.00-5,000.00
1 Pair of Men Leather Business Shoes4,325.00 ₱3,000.00-5,000.00
Rent Per Month
Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre28,871.11 ₱15,000.00-40,000.00
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre11,238.10 ₱8,500.00-20,000.00
Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre86,800.00 ₱35,000.00-150,000.00
Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre24,350.00 ₱18,000.00-45,000.00
Buy Apartment Price
Price per Square Feet to Buy Apartment in City Centre12,795.18 ₱8,268.30-18,580.45
Price per Square Feet to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre6,157.36 ₱3,251.58-8,361.20
Salaries And Financing
Average Monthly Net Salary (After Tax)22,499.70 ₱
Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly, for 20 Years Fixed-Rate8.066.50-10.00

Prices in Manila

CategoryAmount in USD
Clothing And Shoes85.38
Sports And Leisure168.46
Utilities (Monthly)237.53
Rent Per Month737.16

Nearby cities:

Cost of Living in Pasay5.21 miles
Cost of Living in Mandaluyong6.99 miles
Cost of Living in Makati7.06 miles
Cost of Living in Dasmarinas7.30 miles
Cost of Living in Quezon City7.32 miles
Cost of Living in Valenzuela10.08 miles
Cost of Living in Pasig11.22 miles
Cost of Living in Cainta11.89 miles
Cost of Living in Bacoor12.87 miles
Cost of Living in Imus14.50 miles

support and create opportunity here.

Street Children Impoverished

In Manila, between 250,000 and 1 million children live in the streets, left to fend for themselves. the number of street children has increased considerably in recent years, this is unfortunately due to various factors: poverty, family structure, migration… Street children, from birth to 18 years, are completely on their own. They are particularly vulnerable to forced labor, child prostitution, sexual and physical abuse, early pregnancy and many of them show severe symptoms of depression and anxiety. Not all of the street children are orphans. They often live with their parents on the sidewalks of Manila.

Forced Labor

Child labor is work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. In the Philippines, there are 2.1 million child laborers aged 5-17 years old based on the 2011 Survey on Children  of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) . About 95% of the children are in hazardous work. 69% of these are aged 15-17 years old, beyond the minimum allowable age for work but still exposed to hazardous work.

Children in the Philippines engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and in armed conflict. Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture and gold mining. The Survey on Children indicated that 3.2 million children ages 5 to 17 years engage in child labor, of which approximately 3 million engage in hazardous work. Table 1 provides key indicators on children’s work and education in the Philippines.

Table 1. Statistics on Children’s Work and Education
Working (% and population)5 to 147.5 (1,549,677)
Working children by sector5 to 14
Attending School (%)5 to 1493.7
Combining Work and School (%)7 to 147.8
Primary Completion Rate (%)104.0

Source for primary completion rate: Data from 2016, published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2019. 
Source for all other data: International Labor Organization’s analysis of statistics from Survey on Children (SOC), 2011. 

  • Work burdens the child; too heavy for child’s age and capabilities
  • Child works unsupervised or supervised by abusive adults
  • Very long hours of work; child has limited or no time for school, play or rest
  • Workplace poses hazards to child’s health and life
  • Child is subject to psychological, verbal, or physical/sexual abuse
  • Child is forced by circumstances or by coercive individuals to work
  • Limited or no positive rewards for the child
  • Child’s work is excluded from legislation, social security and benefits
  • Child’s work is used for exploitative, subversive or clandestine operations or disguised illegal activities

Child Prostitution

The use of children in illicit activities, specifically in the distribution, procuring, and selling of drugs, including a cheap methamphetamine known as shabu, has become a cause for concern in the Philippines. The government continued its anti-drug campaign, which began in 2016 and did not adequately protect children engaged in drug trafficking from inappropriate incarceration, penalties, or physical harm.  

Children, primarily girls, are trafficked domestically from rural communities to urban centers and tourist destinations for the purpose of domestic work and commercial sexual exploitation. Research indicates that the Philippines is the top global Internet source of online commercial sexual exploitation of children (OSEC). Children are induced to perform sex acts at the direction of paying foreigners and local Filipinos for live Internet broadcasts which usually take place in small Internet cafes, private homes, or windowless dungeon-like buildings commonly known as “cybersex dens.” According to data on OSEC victims collected by the International Justice Mission Philippines, the average age of victims was 16 to 18 years, and the median age of the victims at the time of rescue was 12. Additionally, according to the most recent available data from 2018 the Philippines Department of Justice’s Office of Cyber crimes reviewed over 576,000 reports of online child abuse and cyber crimes from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.    

A emerging crime in the Philippines, where thousands of youngsters are seen to be at risk exploited by online streaming of child sex abuse.

Credit: Channel News Asia

In Manila veteran chief of the Philippines Victor Lorenzo has spent much of his life chasing down criminals and helping their victims. For a law enforcer with years of experience, much of what he does is now routine.

Unfortunately with the emergence of cyber criminal activity there is one type of crime which the veteran chief of the Philippines’ cyber investigation unit has difficulty coming to terms with. 

“Every case is shocking,” Lorenzo said, in his office at the Cybercrime Division of the National Bureau of Investigation on Taft Avenue. A shiny figurine of Batman gleams amid piles of documents on his desk. Another busy day. Another suspect. More crimes. 

“No matter how hard you try to shield yourself from emotions, you just can’t. It’s very painful on our part as a human being whenever we see children performing live in front of a camera.”

Lorenzo was referring to the horrific growing number of child cybersex cases, where pedophiles based overseas disgustingly pay local traffickers that prey on unfortunate street children to molest and live-stream the sexual abuse. In some cases poor parents prostitute their children on the internet.

Meet Sweetie Computer Generated Predator Bait

Sweetie is a computer animated child that was created by children’s rights organization Terre des hommes as a sting operation. It was used to lure online sexual predators into providing personally-identifiable information, so that this information could then be reported to law enforcement agencies.

“Sweetie” lured hundreds of alleged pedophiles — including 254 Americans — into offering money to have the girl perform online sex acts, a group that fights child sex abuse Terre des Hommes said.

Although national and international laws ban online child sex tourism, Terre des Hommes claims only six perpetrators have been convicted of this crime, which appears to be the latest trend in online child exploitation

Albert Jaap Van Santbrink, the group’s director said “If we were able to identify 1,000 individuals in just two and a half months last summer, think how many of these people could be identified if governments took a more active approach,” he also said “Most Americans have also been recorded from the webcam, so we can actually see who they are and see their family pictures in the background,That’s the scariest part. They are fathers, husbands, partners, ordinary people you meet every day.” This is huge considering the number of predators this organization has taking off the street preventing them from engaging in sexual exploitation of Filipino children.

Suspected pedophiles are tricked into believing they are engaging in an perverted online chat with a 10-year-old girl from the Philippines named Sweetie, when in fact they are conversing with a team of four researches in the outskirts of Amsterdam.

The criminals find these children through social media websites and chat rooms, then they use untraceable prepaid credit cards and online aliases to get victims to perform sexual acts.

Street Children Recruited By Terrorist

Child soldiering by non-government militias and terrorist organizations, predominately in the southern island of Mindanao, remains a concern. In Marawi City, many children as young as age 7 were recruited, paid, and trained as fighters by the Maute Group, a terrorist organization linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Additionally, research suggests that the Abu Sayyaf Group, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, the Moro National Liberation Front, the National Democratic Front of the Philippines, and the New People’s Army continue to recruit children from schools for use as human shields, cooks, and fighters, while offering religious education and material incentives to join.

Photo by Viktor Forgacs 

Why are children recruited?
The reasons for the recruitment of children by terrorist and violent extremist groups are complex and multifaceted, and they may vary depending on the situation. It also appears that children are not merely recruited alongside adults, but are specifically targeted, as the use of children provides various advantages to the groups.

The demographic shift in poor countries, in part an increase in the percentage of street children fending for themselves in the overall population, makes the street children in the Philippines available for recruitment and abduction. For instance, in each of the countries affected by the Boko Haram crisis, children constitute over 50%, and in certain cases 60%, of the overall population. Numerous bombings have been carried out in and around Metro Manila, though several hundred kilometers from the conflict in the southern regions, due to its political importance. In the period from 2000 to 2007 attacks killed nearly 400 Filipino civilians and injured well over 1500 more, which is more casualties than what is caused by bombings and other attacks in Indonesia, Morocco, Spain, Turkey, or Britain during the same period.

This is not just about European or American children being victims of attacks by the so-called Islamic State. Young people who are victims of Western military attacks are being used as pawns in the fight against terrorism too. strictly propaganda look back a few years back at US president Donald Trump’s disastrous first military operation. The January 29 raid on the village of al-Ghayil in Yemen saw 25 civilians killed, including nine children. While the White House has insisted that it obtained “valuable information” from the operation – which was intended to gather intelligence on al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) – no evidence has been produced in support of this claim. the children in Yemen still suffer from the conflicts.

In addition, any evaluation of an operation’s success must also consider its secondary effects. In particular, how they supply groups like AQAP and IS with ammunition for their propaganda

Propaganda is a huge part of how organisations like AQAP and IS motivate those looking to support them. AQAP in particular relies on social media and its online magazine, Inspire, to encourage readers to launch attacks. Children are used as tools of propaganda – the killing of children by Western bombings is repeatedly used to promote its cause. In its very first issue three explicit photographs of dead children were printed, and this method continued up to and including the most recent issue in November 2016.

The sole purpose of these disturbing images is to stir anger and frustration among both existing and potential sympathisers, in order to justify attacks on the West.

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Barefoot & Hungry

You ever hear someone say that you couldn’t walk a mile in my shoes? try walking a mile without shoes this is the reality in the Philippines, where over 16 million children are dewormed twice a year to eliminate intestinal worms because they do not own adequate footwear. throughout my travels street children would approach me for pesos barefoot covered with a thick blackness that looked as if they had just walked through the ash of a volcanic eruption. it’s heart breaking to know that if you pull out a few pesos you will be swarmed by a number of children that you cannot help many of us face problems everyday but not to the extent of worrying when will we get our next meal or will our child survive from a infection caused by us not being able to protect our child from the elements and protect their feet. I think back to my childhood and much of what we all seen and or experienced playing this little piggy or stinky feet with a toddler and in other countries children are dying from disease and parasites caused from not being able to afford flip flops some wouldn’t ever dare spend such a little amount on shoes from the dollar store. as I child I remember being made fun of for attending school with a pair of payless finest until I visited Manila I had no idea how fortunate I was.

Near the Chinatown mall, Binondo, Manila I understood why the puddles of water were black, why where pavement did exist why it was so sticky, and why in many areas had the smell of urine and feces. the snitch of garbage and waste would sit into your clothes and after traveling deeper you would notice that children and adults were relieving themselves in the streets. for more than one reason this is a problem but a major consequence is Soil-transmitted helminth infections.

Soil- Transmitted Helminth Infections

according to the world health organization these are key facts about the infection.

  • Soil-transmitted helminth infections are caused by different species of parasitic worms.
  • They are transmitted by eggs present in human feces, which contaminate the soil in areas where sanitation is poor.
  • Approximately 1.5 billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths worldwide.
  • Infected children are nutritionally and physically impaired.
  • Control is based on periodical deworming to eliminate infecting worms, health education to prevent re-infection, and improved sanitation to reduce soil contamination with infective eggs.
  • Safe and effective medicines are available to control infection.

Soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most common infections worldwide and affect the poorest and most deprived communities. They are transmitted by eggs present in human faeces which in turn contaminate soil in areas where sanitation is poor. The main species that infect people are the roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), the whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) and hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale).

Global distribution and prevalence

More than 1.5 billion people, or 24% of the world’s population, are infected with soil-transmitted helminth infections worldwide. Infections are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas, with the greatest numbers occurring in sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas, China and East Asia.

Over 267 million preschool-age children and over 568 million school-age children live in areas where these parasites are intensively transmitted, and are in need of treatment and preventive interventions.


Soil-transmitted helminths are transmitted by eggs that are passed in the faeces of infected people. Adult worms live in the intestine where they produce thousands of eggs each day. In areas that lack adequate sanitation, these eggs contaminate the soil. This can happen in several ways:

  • eggs that are attached to vegetables are ingested when the vegetables are not carefully cooked, washed or peeled;
  • eggs are ingested from contaminated water sources;
  • eggs are ingested by children who play in the contaminated soil and then put their hands in their mouths without washing them.

In addition, hookworm eggs hatch in the soil, releasing larvae that mature into a form that can actively penetrate the skin. People become infected with hookworm primarily by walking barefoot on the contaminated soil.

There is no direct person-to-person transmission, or infection from fresh feces, because eggs passed in feces need about 3 weeks to mature in the soil before they become infective. Since these worms do not multiply in the human host, re-infection occurs only as a result of contact with infective stages in the environment.

Nutritional effects

Soil-transmitted helminths impair the nutritional status of the people they infect in multiple ways.

  • The worms feed on host tissues, including blood, which leads to a loss of iron and protein.
  • Hookworms in addition cause chronic intestinal blood loss that can result in anaemia.
  • The worms increase malabsorption of nutrients. In addition, roundworm may possibly compete for vitamin A in the intestine.
  • Some soil-transmitted helminths also cause loss of appetite and, therefore, a reduction of nutritional intake and physical fitness. In particular, T. trichiura can cause diarrhoea and dysentery. Learn more

Travelers Witness The Importance Of Shoes

Travelers are being warned of the risks of walking barefoot on a beach “somewhere tropical” after a Canadian couple contracted a hookworm infection on holiday in the Dominican Republic.

The young pair from Ontario were staying in Punta Cana earlier this month when they returned from a stroll on the beach and noticed their feet were “incredibly itchy”. Upon their return to Canada, what they assumed were harmless bug bites developed into painful swollen blisters and unusual bumps on their toes.

The couple consulted two doctors who were unable to identify the cause of their condition, before they were seen by a third doctor who diagnosed the contraction of larva migrants – more commonly known as hookworms. The parasitic worms are found in soil contaminated with feces, typically in countries with poor sanitation and a warm, moist climate. as in the Philippines The disposal and treatment of human waste is a serious issue. The country’s National Sewerage and Septage Management Program (NSSMP) says around 55 people die every day in the country of nearly 100 million because more than 90 percent of the country’s sewage is not collected or treated properly.  Only 10 percent of the country’s population has access to piped sewage systems which is over 30 million people in the Philippines who do not have access to improved sanitation facilities

“The hookworm larvae can infect people if their bare skin comes into contact with the soil – for example, if you’re walking barefoot,” the NHS notes.

Hookworm infection detected in a stool sample

The couple, had to be put on medication (a drug called ivermectin) and had to walk on crutches, Between 576 million and 740 million people in the world are estimated to be infected with hookworms.

The symptoms of a hookworm infection

  • Most people infected with hookworm don’t have any symptoms.
  • The larvae of animal hookworms sometimes get into the skin, usually after lying on sand contaminated by animal faeces while on a beach holiday abroad.
  • These larvae are unable to go further into the body, but cause a slowly moving red line to appear on the skin.
  • This is called cutaneous larva migrans and can last several weeks. It’s a bit itchy, but doesn’t usually cause any harm.
  • People infected with human hookworm larvae occasionally have a less obvious itchy rash for a few days around the area of skin where the larvae penetrated.
  • Respiratory symptoms such as a cough and wheeziness may develop when the larvae reach the lungs, a few weeks after exposure.
  • Severe infections may cause abdominal (tummy) pain, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue and anaemia. Blood loss leading to iron deficiency anaemia and protein loss are the most serious symptoms.

Source: NHS

How can it be prevented?

“On a beach, the safest place to walk or sit is below the high water line – on sand that has been recently ‘washed’ by the sea. This is especially important in parts of the world where there are many dogs roaming around on the beaches – as is common in the Philippines and other countries in Asia . This also applies in Africa – but really anywhere where sand can be contaminated with feces,” Doctors warn.

“If you’re travelling to a tropical or subtropical region of the world where hookworm infections are common, avoid walking barefoot in areas where there may be contaminated soil, and don’t touch soil or sand with your bare hands,” the NHS says.

“Good hygiene standards and effective sewage disposal systems are the reason hookworm infections aren’t commonly seen in developed countries such as the United States, although they may still be a problem in California”

California “Poop Patrol”

Strangely yes this is factual there is actually a patrol for this kind of thing in California have you ever seen the ads for we have an app for that? well in 2019 there seems to be a app for everything including poop.

The city of San Francisco has its official SF311 app, part of its “San Francisco at your Service” program, and last year a private developer introduced Snapcrap, which allows residents to upload a photo of an offending specimen directly to the SF311 website. This alerts the city’s new five-person “poop patrol,” which will follow up, presumably, with a smile.

Then there are the maps. At least three maps charting the location of “poop complaints” in the city have been assembled, the latest and best by the nonprofit Open the Books. Their map shows most of the city covered by brown pin dots, each marking a report to the Department of Public Works.

The website RealtyHop.com dubs San Francisco “the doo-doo capital of the U.S.” They noted that the city’s poop reports almost tripled between 2011 and 2017.

The problem draws attention because the poop increasingly comes not from dogs but from humans. In partial defense of his city, Curbed SF’s Adam Brinklow explains that the reports submitted to the city didn’t distinguish between human and dog excrement, and that there were 150,000 dogs and fewer than 10,000 homeless people within city limits. But he admits that homelessness was probably the leading edge of the problem in San Francisco as well as Los Angeles, where 36,000 people live on the streets, and many do their business there. Poverty is roots that grow a tree of growing problems and to kill a tree that causes problems you must kill the roots.


by coming together we can prevent a situation in dire need that should not exist. by joining forces and creating awareness children of Payatas and the children effected by this situation can be saved from enduring infectious disease.

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When your support enables us to provide children with the food they need, we are not exaggerating when we say it’s a start that will save lives forever.


more commonly known as one of the country’s major dumpsite is home to over 120,000 kids who do not eat regularly. some even engage in “pagpag” practices eating leftover food in the 6.1 hectare dumpsite.

During my stay I learned Payatas was built on a landfill, and that junk shops are an integral part of the local economy. inside the shops holds a energy thriving with activity. piled high with bulging waste waiting to be purchased and processed to make transactions for consumption.

Credit: south china morning post

Shops pay 6 pesos or (10 US cents) per kilogram of waste. a team is then paid to pull out the waste and strip it. the waste is then sold for 18 pesos per kilogram. the PagPag is cleaned thoroughly to remove the smell. they then boil it or fry it where children will later eat it. other scraps such as chicken and pork deemed edible are set aside to be washed, cooked and sold in the neighborhood. that is PagPag “shake off the dirt” in Tagalog. discarded food “fit” for the hungry mouths in the slums of Payatas.

Scavengers can earn 250 pesos (US $5) a day depending on the volume of waste. Payatas takes it’s name from the phrase payat sa taas (“thin at the top”) because the soil is no good for rice crops. it is a community scarred by generations of hardship and struggle.

Lupang Pangako

I walked to a closed off area in Payatas known as Lupang Pangako or “promised land” the manager in the baranguy told me the story about a landslide of rubbish that took the lives of over 200 people. she stated the death toll was more than likely a higher number of men, women, and children consumed by the rubbish they scavenged to survive. the promised land where combustible substances within the rubbish would erupt unpredictably into geysers of flame it was shut down with untold hundreds buried below.

The Reality

According to Cristopher Sabal, a senior technical officer at the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC). PagPag consumption is merely one expression of a multifaceted problem. ” A lot of our urban settlers are living near these dumpsites in informal settlements.” he says ” they are living in the most vulnerable areas, the danger zones. they don’t have access to livelihoods which would support them… enough to purchase the food requirements for the family that’s the reality”

” You cannot see the bacteria, you cannot see how dirty the food is just by looking at it” Sabal says ” PagPag is not nutritious… we can definitely say it has an impact in the stunting of growth in children. aside from that they would be at risk of acquiring critical diseases like Hepatitis A, Cholera, Typhoid”.

Promised Land

The dangers that I heard about in Payatas did not persuade me to stop what I came to Accomplish. it moved me and put me in a different perspective the land is said to be infernal, but the smiles of those children and the warm welcome during my arrival, showed me that the land definitely produced something and on that day I seen that there is hope to truly see a promised land thriving with healthy children.

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Wichita Assessment And Intervention

Crime is on the rise across america with our youth being a high risk in negative engagements. The overall crime rate in Wichita is 139% higher than the national average. For every 100,000 people, there are 17.97 daily crimes that occur in WichitaWichita is safer than 2% of the cities in the United States. In Wichita you have a 1 in 16 chance of becoming a victim of any crime. Our goal is to develop alliances and create intervention. Our mission is to decrease delinquency, substance abuse and violence with high-risk youth. We have to work with families and focus on strengthening relationships and communication. Reframing negative behaviors by putting youth within a positve relational context.

The juvenile systems of today needs to be reconstructed to curb recidivism the alliance needs to have the community involvement and a clear plan of intervention created and communicated with the alliance group constructed of partner organizations, juvenile probation and correctional officers, family, schools, welfare social workers and therapist. taking personalized assessments of the juvenile and then developing a plan with rational thinking exercises minimizing hopelessness,increase motivation for change. it won’t be a easy task but we can’t just give up on a young soul crying out for help with dedication Wichita can be viewed as a great city to raise a family again.





(100 is safest)

Safer than 2% of U.S. Cities


Number of Crimes4,002 21,723 25,725
Crime Rate
(per 1,000 residents)
10.25 55.62 65.86


Report Total35 383 600 2,984
Rate per 1,0000.09 0.98 1.54 7.64


POPULATION: 325,719,178
Report Total17,284 135,755319,356 810,825
Rate per 1,0000.05 0.420.98 2.49

Wichita, Kansas is above the national average accounting for 25% of the nations violent crimes with a population of 290,591. A number to look at over the years is the amount of teens committing violent crimes in Wichita and how that has contributed to the over crowding prison systems in Kansas.

As a result in not providing juveniles with adequate programs to curve recidivism and create opportunities in impoverished areas, The Kansas prison system is over capacity and understaffed. instead these areas have been deemed “opportunity zones” where these zones provide tax incentives for development in Wichita neighborhoods with hopes of making them more attractive. during a meeting held by federal, state and local leaders  officials discussed how the Opportunity Zone program offers tax incentives including deferral and reduction of capital gains taxes when the gain is invested in a Qualified Opportunity Fund and maintained for a period of at least five years. Investors can defer tax on any prior gains invested in a Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) until the earlier of the date on which the investment is sold or exchanged or December 31, 2026. 

City councilman Brandon Johnson discussed how he hopes development in the opportunity zones within his district can fill empty lots with housing or businesses.

“So if we can get the mom and pop shop to get empowered and start a business in the area to help clean it up, these opportunity zones provide that opportunity now,” Johnson said.

Growing up in his district I can agree development is much needed and I can also say that most of the teens facing problems come from this district. but I will disagree that this will empower residence to take advantage when the opportunity is not very much in this zone. How can anyone invest when the majority does not have access to funds or means to have a bank invest in their dream. this zone lacks opportunity investing in a program that educates entrepreneurship, real estate, marketing, credit ethics, budgeting, and coding would be a actual benefit to a area that sees no hope other than a career in crime. so as people from outside of the community comes in to rake in money made from tax payers dollars tax payers will also foot the bill to pay for housing inmates who committed crimes in Wichita a direct cause from lack of opportunity, guidance, and programs these individuals who could have turned their lives around and contributed to the Wichita community will be shipped out of the state because our prisons are running out of room and money the all mighty dollar is more important than a solution.

Kansas To Send Hundreds To Private Prison

Hundreds of Kansas inmates will soon wake up each day in an Arizona city.

Kansas is turning to prison company CoreCivic to house up to 600 inmates out of state in an attempt to fight prison crowding. The outsourcing will cost millions of dollars a year.

Officials in charge of the state’s prison system – buffeted by years of staff shortages and rising inmate populations – say they don’t have better options.

“Sending Kansas inmates to another state is an option we wish we could avoid,” acting corrections secretary Jeff Zmuda said in a statement. “Entering into this contract to accommodate growth in the prison population is the best option available at this time for the safety of our staff and inmates.”

For $74.76 a day, CoreCivic will transport, house and provide training, treatment, recreational and educational services for Kansas inmates. Housing 600 inmates a year would cost about $16.3 million.

The Kansas Department of Corrections said it will send inmates to the Saguaro Correctional Center in Eloy, Arizona, in groups of 120. Initially, Kansas plans to house 360 inmates at the facility, but could eventually expand that to 600.

The contract lasts a year and could be renewed for up to three years.

The announcement comes as the state’s prison population hovers around 10,020 — 100 inmates over capacity.

According to the department, state officials will have the right to inspect the Arizona facility at any time.

Photo by Nicolas Steave on Unsplash

From A Juvenile Delinquent To A Adult Convict

Red flags are easy to recognize in the days following a tragic event like a mass shooting—but it’s important to identify those early warning signs before they turn into a pattern of criminal behavior.

In some extreme cases, children as young as 5 years old are committing crimes. So when that child becomes an adult, he or she may already have a lengthy criminal record.

Matt Delisi published a study in the Journal of Criminal Justice that included 252 children living in Pennsylvania juvenile detention centers. The offenders ranged in age from 14-18 and on average had committed 15 delinquent acts in the prior year.

“If you have someone who is 3, or even 2, and is already reading it would suggest that the person is highly intelligent,” DeLisi says. “The reason is because the emergence or the onset of the behavior is usually inversely related to what they will become. The earlier something appears the more special they are or extreme.”

With criminal behavior, the onset begins with rule violations, but researchers say a juvenile’s first arrest or contact with the police is the strongest indicator of future problems.

Economic pressures increase the risk for emotional distress, which Neppl says can lead to harsh disciplinary practices. She is working on a study to determine if such hardships, when a child is between the ages of 3 and 5 years old, affect the child’s mental health when they are 6 to 13 years old.

Persistence, Desistance and Onset

Studies from the https://nij.ojp.gov show’s continuity of offending from the juvenile into the adult years is higher for people who start offending at an early age, chronic delinquents, and violent offenders. The Pittsburgh Youth Study found that 52 to 57 percent of juvenile delinquents continue to offend up to age 25. This number dropped by two-thirds — to 16 to 19 percent — in the next five years.[5] However, there are large individual differences at play. Juveniles who start offending before age 12 are more likely to continue offending into early adulthood.[6]

Not all offense types have the same persistence. One study showed that drug dealing and possession of weapons had the highest likelihood of duration and persistence into early adulthood, while gang membership had a shorter duration. Marijuana use had the longest duration, two to four times longer than theft and violence.[7]

The median age of termination of offending was highest for drug trafficking (age 21.6). Minor offenses such as shoplifting and vandalism usually stop before age 18.[8]

The annual frequency of offending is higher for nonviolent crimes than for violence. The frequency usually peaks around ages 17-19 and remains stable over time only for a small number of offenders.[9]

Studies agree that 40 to 60 percent of juvenile delinquents stop offending by early adulthood. For those who do persist, the transition from adolescence to adulthood is a period of increasing severity of offenses and an increase in lethal violence.[10] Most of the violence is directed at victims of the same age, and the age period of 16-24 is a high-risk time for violent victimization.[11] Many young people who offend at ages 18-20, which brings them into the adult justice system, would have been likely to desist naturally in the next few years.[12] Justice system processing may make them worse, rather than better. Somewhere between 10 percent and 30 percent of offenders start offending during early adulthood.[13]

Developmental studies of late adolescence and early adulthood do not support the notion that there is any naturally occurring break in the prevalence of offending at age 18.

Preventive Actions for Known Delinquents

There is good evidence that early interventions in childhood, such as home visits by nurses, preschool intellectual enrichment programs and parent management training, are effective in preventing delinquency. For example, an evaluation of the Elmira (N.Y.) Nurse-Family Partnership program found that at age 15, children of the higher-risk mothers who received home visits had significantly fewer arrests than controls. Another follow-up when the children were 19 showed that the daughters (but not the sons) of mothers who received home visits had significantly fewer arrests and convictions.[19]

Programs that target individuals can reduce offending in the early adult years. For example, the Seattle Social Development Project combined parent training, teacher training and skills training for children beginning at age 6.[20] At age 27, the intervention group scored significantly better on educational and economic attainment, mental health, and sexual health, but not on substance abuse or offending.[21]

Some interventions with older juvenile delinquents (ages 14-17) have been successful. One long-term follow-up found that Multisystemic Therapy (MST) participants had lower recidivism rates (50 percent versus 81 percent), including lower rates of rearrest for violent offenses (14 percent compared with 30 percent). MST participants also spent 57 percent fewer days confined in adult detention facilities.[22]

Financial Benefits and Costs of Interventions

The financial benefits of intervention programs often outweigh the costs. One review found that this was true of multidimensional treatment foster care (MTFC) ($8 saved per $1 expended), functional family therapy ($10 saved per $1 expended), MST ($3 saved per $1 expended), vocational education in prison ($12 saved per $1 expended), cognitive-behavioral therapy in prison ($22 saved per $1 expended), drug treatment in prison ($6 saved per $1 expended) and employment training in the community ($12 saved per $1 expended).[23]

In my eyes this is a opportunity zone for Project Payatas, the citizens of Wichita, state, city officials, and other organizations to build a alliance and set the goal to provide opportunity for all in our beautiful city the saying goes that numbers don’t lie and so far those numbers are showing us we have got to do something we are along way from home we have got to fine that yellow brick road to call Wichita home again

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The Journey Begins

Thanks for joining me!

Good company in a journey makes the way seem shorter. — Izaak Walton

2019 was the start of a great journey for me. I met with the Barangay officials of Payatas the councilors had lots of information of the history of Payatas. Located in the 2nd district of Quezon city, Metro Manila, Philippines. Payatas was most known for the dumpsite and the tragic landslide of trash that killed 218 people living on the dumpsite and caused 300 missing persons, it reopened months after the incident at the request of residents and scavengers who depended on the dumpsite for their livelihood.

I visited Payatas after hearing about these things i had to see it for myself. I was already traveling and seeing many places in PH that really hit me hard and to be told that what I saw was nothing that things were much worse I couldn’t believe it. I heard of the children not having any food, no shoes eating out the garbage so with over 100 bags of food for the children I went to go see it first hand. There was a little guy named Vincent that made sure I didn’t forget his name lol. as all the children the interaction was natural had very high spirits smiles everywhere. as children quickly lined up the food quickly ran out. there were probably 90 more children in line that received nothing that feeling would stick with me for weeks it is still with me as my fingers slap these keys.

It is why I have spent time coming up with a way to create awareness and build relationships to have enough resources to make sure nobody is ever left out again.

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Project Payatas Inc, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization (Federal Tax ID: 83-4286912.)